Flaring regulations series: Russia

Russia is not only one of the world’s largest producers of oil and gas but is also one of the five largest emitters of greenhouse gases globally.  Whilst the country has a history of poor environmental management, increased awareness of the polluting effects of oil and gas production has led to a recent tightening of…

Flaring regulations series: Nigeria

Nigeria produces 2.5 million barrels of crude oil every day, making it Africa’s largest producer of oil and the sixth largest oil-producing country in the world.  Latest figures also show that it produces large amounts of natural gas, approximately 1.7 billion standard cubic feet (scf) per year. The Nigerian government is responsible for the regulation…

Gas Flaring Regulations: Mexico

In 2013 the Mexican government introduced a series of reforms that transferred the country’s huge oil and gas resources from the sole control of the state-owned energy firm, Pemex (Petróleos Mexicanos), to other potential stakeholders to open up the market to foreign investment.  The new regulations are expected to reduce emission levels and improve safety…

Flaring regulations series: Canada

According to its individual national determined contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) following the COP21 Paris Agreement, Canada “is one of the cleanest electricity systems among G-7 and G-20 nations” with almost 80% of its electricity supply emitting no greenhouse gasses (GHGs) at all.   Canada emits 1.6% of…

Flaring Regulations Series: China

China is responsible for almost a quarter of the world’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions each year and is the single biggest polluter of carbon dioxide (CO₂).  More than 1.6 million Chinese citizens are estimated to die each year from illnesses associated with the significant air pollution plaguing many built up areas in China.  In response…

Flaring Regulations Series: European Union

Fixed targets for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions — agreed at the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015 — mean that 195 countries worldwide are now committed to reducing emissions to limit the global temperature rise to 2oC.  The Paris Agreement and additional signatories to the World Bank’s Zero Routine Flaring by 2030 drive shows…